Europe may not be in the super-league when it comes to thundering torrents of water, but it does offer waterfalls in spectacularly beautiful and remote settings. Here are five of the best.
1. Dettifoss What it lacks in height it makes up for in water, since this Icelandic waterfall is reputed to be the most powerful in Europe. Fed by a glacial river, it tumbles into a canyon, and is at its most impressive after the ice melt. It is one of several waterfalls in Jokulsargljufur, a national park famous for its huge canyon.
2. Grande Cascade de Gavarnie The highest in France at 1,385ft (422rn), this tiered waterfall in the Hautes-Pyrenees tumbles into a spectacularly beautiful glacial amphitheater. It’s a 30-minute trek from the nearest village, but worth the effort.
3. Krimmler Waterfall Located in the far west of Hohe Tauern National Park near the Austrian city of
Salzburg, this waterfall gushes down the Alps through thickly wooded countryside in three tiers from a height of 1,250ft (380m). You can follow a marked trail up the falls.
4. Staubbachfall Staubbach is centerpiece of the picture-postcard village of Lauterbrunnen, Switzerland. It is one of several falls in the area, but is unique for its almost vertical drop down the cliff-face. The most idyllic viewing point is from a private balcony at Hotel Staubbach.
5. Steal! Waterfall This 395ft (120m) waterfall in Scotland drops over the side of the Nevis Gorge and is popular with visitors—not least because of the wobbly wire suspension bridge over the water, and the uplifting views to the Mamores Munros (mountains).
Here are more locations keen volcanologists should visit. They range from extremely active to extinct volcanoes. but all are in stunningly beautiful locations. and give a glimpse of the earth’s raw power.
1. Edinburgh, Scotland Its a long time since this one smoked, but Scotland’s capital is dominated by a volcano, and you can clearly see the effect of lava flows and vents that once shaped the landscape if you climb to the top of Arthur’s Seat or Castle Rock. The site was probably active around 350 million years ago, but is still being pored over by geologists today.
2. Etna, Sicily Europe’s largest active volcano currently stands around 10,800ft (3,300m) high, and is perpetually • bubbling away, although thankfully for local residents who benefit from the fertile soil on its lava fed-slopes, it is not considered among the highest risk volcanos. Nevertheless, it can still put on a huge show—footage of its 2002 eruption was used to represent Mustafar in Star Wars Episode tit Revenge of the Sith.
3. Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo Although this volcano is off the standard tourist trail because of its remote location and ongoing unrest in the country, it is considered to be the biggest, and is certainly among the most dangerous in the world. The main crater is 820f1 (250m) deep, and periodically contains a huge lava lake that threatens to spill down the mountain side.
4. Santorini, Greece This group of volcanic islands in the Cyclades was the site of a huge eruption around 15008C. These days it is famous for its amazing black beaches, and almost lunar landscape, and people like to get married overlooking the caldera. Scientists continue to monitor the islands closely for signs of volcanic life.
5. Teide, Tenerife The third tallest volcano in the world, Pico de Teide on the Canary Island of Tenerife is a popular day-trip destination for tourists and naturalists, because it offers stunning views, and unique flora and fauna in the foothills. You need a special permit to climb all the way to the very top, but a cable car runs most of the way up. The last eruption was on the northwest flank in 1909.
6. Vesuvius, Italy Clearly visible from Naples just across the bay, Vesuvius is a slumbering giant. The eerie lava-encased population at Pompeii is a salutary reminder of just how quickly it can wreak destruction. An eruption in 1944 destroyed three villages.