south Africa has a ii;• cf differci a;cacc ‘tom high mountains and grasslands to desert and coastal plains. South Africa has nine provinces Northern Cape has the fewest people, due to its desert landscape. Eastern Cape is quiet with relatively few tourists, while KwaZulu-Natal is famous for its beaches.
climate When it is winter in North America and Europe, it is summer in South Africa. This is because South Africa is in the half of the world called the southern hemisphere. The climate s generally warm and sunny, but higher land is usually cooler. The eastern coast has subtropical temperatures with hot humid summers. Rainfall is generally lose, which can lead to water shortages. The east and south are the wettest.
Rivers, mountains, and a volcano
There are very few rivers in South Africa because of the climate. The Gariep River (also known as the Orange River) is the longest, at 1,300 mile (2.092 kilometers). It begins in the Drakensberg Mountains and travels westward across the country.
The Drakensberg Mountains are in eastern South Africa. Mafadi is the highest point in South Africa. at 11,319 feet (3,450 meters). Table Mountain overlooking Cape Town, is well known for its flat top.
South Africa’s only volcano is the one that loaned Marion Island, part of t Prince Edward Islands. It last erupted in 2004. !he Prince Edward Islands located about 1,118 miles (1,800 kilometers) southeast of Port Elizabeth.
Resources Much of South Africa’s wealth comes from minerals. In addition to diamonds and gold, the country is one of the world’s top producers of platinum.
Trade South Africa’s
trading partners include the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany. The main exports are diamonds, gold. platinum. anc, r-aciinery. South Africa was ihe fourth-largest exporter of coal in 2005. Imports r de machinery and equipment, as well as some foods.
Jobs and industry Fishing is an important industry, particularly on the west coast. Food crops include pineapples, maize (corn). and sugarcane. Grapes are also grown for winemaking. Key industries include the manufacture of goods such as vehicles, textiles (cloths), and electronic equipment. Tourism is a major source Of income, although high crime rates can make some tourists not want to visit the country. Around one million people are employed in the tourism industry, working in restaurants, hotels, and as guides. Daily life White people still have many of the best jobs in South Africa.
The policy of africa Black Economic Empowerment (BEE), brought in by the ANC when they came to power, aimed to redistribute wealth and ownership to disadvantaged people. This involved ideas such as companies offering shares to their black employees. Share ownership means the person owns part of the company, even if it is only a small part. However, most people now agree that the BEE policy has failed.
Even the current president, Jacob Zuma, agrees that instead of redistributing wealth, the policy has simply led to “a few individuals benefiting a lot?’ In 2010 the president promised a review of the policy.