South Africa has democratically elected government. This means people vote for the South Africans they want to run the country. Everyone over 18 has the right to vote.
Parliament and local government
South Africa is led by a president and two houses of parliament. [he president can rule for two five-year terms at the most. The National Council of Provinces has 90 members. The National Assembly has 350 to 400 members
. who are elected for five years. Each of the provinces also has its own local government. Most countries have one capital city, but South Africa has three: Pretoria, CapeTown (where parliament meets), and Bloemfontein (where the law cowls are based)
Since 1994 people who work in the South African media, such as newspaper’ reporters, have had a lot more freedom.
An organization called Reporters Without Borders investigates press freedom around the world every year. In 2010 they ranked South Africa 38th out of 178 countries.
The South African Broadcasting Company is the state-run main broadcaster. Many commercial television and radio stations reflect the different cultures In South Africa.
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School 1,outr. Ai/Kai children between the ages of seven and fifteen must go to school. Children under seven go to nursery school.
They spend the next seven years at elementary school, Children then go to high school for at least two years, but they can stay on for another three years. College is open to anyone who gets the right grades in at least three subjects.
is only free for the poorest families. Others need to pay fees, and parents also have to pay for textbooks. The government is continuing to make more schooling free, however.
School hours are usually 7-50 am. until 7:30 p.m. Some children in South Africa have to travel long distances to get to school. The school year begins in January. Winter vacation lasts about two months, from late July. Summer vacation is from early December to late January.